The Iberian Peninsula is also called as Iberia, which is located in Europe’s southwest corner. This peninsula is divided between the countries of Portugal and Spain, which comprises the most area of the territory. This territory also includes Andorra, a small area of France that lies along the northeastern edge of the peninsula that spans till the south coast of Gibraltar; this small peninsula forms an overseas territory in the United Kingdom. The Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest in the European continent and this makes the Iberian Peninsula the second biggest in the entire European continent with an area of 582,000 square kilometers approximately.
The Iberian Peninsula is located at the westernmost part of the three major southern peninsulas that are located in the European continent; they are the Iberian, Balkan, and Italian. It is bordered on the east and the southwest by the Mediterranean Sea, and by the Atlantic Ocean in the north, west, and southwest. The mountains of Pyrenees are situated along the peninsula’s northeast edge, where the rest of Europe gets adjoined. The northwest coast of Africa is very close to the southern tip o the peninsula; the peninsula is separated from the Mediterranean Sea and by the Strait of Gibraltar.
The Iberian Peninsula extends from the northernmost extremity to the southernmost extremity, while Punta de Estaca de Bores being at the northernmost extreme and Punta de Tarifa in the southernmost extreme and this covers over a distance between lines of latitude about 865 km that is based on a degree length per degree as 111 km and from Cabo da Roca as the westernmost extremity to Cap de Cerus as the easternmost extremity over a distance between the lines of longitude at 40o North latitude of about 1155 km, and this is based on an estimated length of degree about 90 km for that latitude. The roughly octagonal and irregular shape of the peninsula contains within this spherical quadrangle and was compared to an ox-hide by the geographical Strabo.
The Peninsula of Iberia predominantly has two climate types; one of these is called the oceanic climate that is seen in the Atlantic coastal region resulting in the temperatures that are relatively cool summers. However, most of the Spain and Portugal have a Mediterranean climate that has various precipitation and temperatures that are depending on the position and latitude versus the sea.There is also more semi-arid and localized climate in Central Spain, with temperatures resembling more to the continental Mediterranean climate. In other extreme cases the alpine climates that are highlands such as Sierra Nevada and areas that have very low precipitation and desert climates or like the Almeria area, Southern Alicante area and Murica area that has a semi-arid type of climates. In the interior of Spain, the hottest temperature in Europe is found with the average in Cordoba around 37o C in the month of July. The Spanish Mediterranean coast usually averages around 30o in the summers.In sharp contrast, the northern tip of Galicia has a summer daytime with a high average with just 23o C and this is below average when compared to many tropical places of the world.
This wet and cool summer climate is replicated throughout the entire northern coastline.The temperatures in the winters are more consistent throughout the entire peninsula, although frosts are very common in the interior of Spain, even though the daytime is usually above the freezing point. In Portugal, the warmest winters of that country are occurring in the area of Algarve, which is very similar to the ones from Spain’s Huelva, while many of the Portuguese Atlantic coasts has humid and fresh winters that are similar to Galicia. The woodlands that are the forest of the Iberian Peninsula are having a distinctive ecosystem, even though the different regions of the area are characterized by the unique vegetation that has some similarities across the entire peninsula. While the borders between these borders are not actually having a clear definition, there is a mutual influence among the areas that makes it very hard to establish boundaries and some species find their habitat these intermediate areas and adjust to having a salubrious life.
Iberia is also known as the Iberian Peninsula, which is located in the southwest corner of Europe. The Iberian Peninsula is generally divided between the countries of Spain and Portugal by comprising most of its territory. The area of Iberia also includes Andorra, which is a small part of France that lies along the coastal part of Gibraltar on its south as well as the peninsula’s northeastern edge, and also a small peninsula that forms the overseas territory of the area of the United Kingdom. The area of Iberia has spanned across Europe with an area of 582,000 square kilometers as an approximate, which makes the second largest peninsula in the European region, this is right after the Scandinavian Peninsula that is located in the European continent. The major rivers that flow through the valleys that are between the mountains are Ebro, Tagus, Guadalquivir, Douro, and Guadiana. All the rivers that are located in the Iberian Peninsula are subject to the variations in the flow that are caused due to the changes in the seasons. The Tagus River is the longest in the peninsula and the Douro River flows westwards with it lower course inside Portugal, the Guadiana River bends and borders between Portugal and Spain.